Western Sahara: Resistance in exile

25 April 2017 - 2:45pm
News

Deep in the Sahara desert some 165,000 Saharawi refugees cling to the hope that they will one day return to their confiscated homeland. But despite a lifetime in exile, and denial of their basic human rights, resistance is growing.

When Moroccan military forces invaded Western Sahara in 1975 the indigenous Saharawi people were expelled from their homes by force. Most fled to the Algerian desert. Ever since, the Saharawi people have been denied the right to self-determination, and mass migration of Moroccan settlers has turned them into a minority in their own land.

Refugee camps near the city of Tindouf in the Algerian desert. Photo credit: War on Want

Lucrative colony

As Morocco continues to plunder the rich supply of natural resources that belong to the Saharawi people, such as fish stocks and phosphate (a crucial component in fertilizer), it uses its financial and diplomatic means to further cement its hold on to its lucrative colony.

Foreign oil investment continues to boost Morocco’s frail veneer of international legitimacy and finances the expensive occupation, while its recent readmission to the African Union, having left in 1984, has served to embolden the regime.

'The Devil's Garden'

The Saharawi refugee camps are located near the city of Tindouf in the Algerian desert. Here the terrain is harsh and temperatures can top 50°C in the summer months. It’s clear why this stretch of desert is known to some as ‘The Devil’s Garden’.

What is also evident is the lack of any productive or income-generating activities, which entrenches poverty and further deepens the dependence on international aid.

Yet, despite a lifetime in exile, resistance is growing.

Protests against plunder

War on Want partner the Saharawi Campaign Against the Plunder (SCAP) is working tirelessly to raise awareness among Saharawis in the refugee camps, and occupied territories, about the ongoing illegal plunder of Western Sahara’s resources and its impact on the conflict. SCAP is organising presentations in camps and protests against the companies exploiting Saharawi resources.

They mobilised an incredible 4,000 people to protest against the Irish company San Leon Energy, which is exploring for oil near El-Aiun, the occupied capital of Western Sahara.

Building resistance

Jalihena from the Saharawi Campaign Against the Plunder (SCAP) is categorical: “As long as the Moroccan monarchy continues to benefit, without impunity, from the plunder of Saharawi natural resources, it will not be pressured to give up the territories it occupies and will make the Saharawi efforts to liberate the territories even harder.”

The conflict is keeping so many people in poverty. War on Want will continue to support our Saharawi partners by helping raise awareness of the struggle, in order to build resistance and bring the occupation to an end.

Find out more: http://www.waronwant.org/western-sahara

Latest news

Parliament fails to win democratic oversight on trade

17 July 2018 - 4:00pm

Responding to votes on scrutiny of trade agreements in the Trade Bill, senior trade campaigner at War on Want Jean Blaylock, says: “Democratic oversight of trade is not rocket science. MEPs in the European Parliament and members of Congress get an automatic vote on trade deals. Why shouldn’t MPs?

Read more

Fox concessions fail to give MPs a ‘meaningful say’ over post-Brexit trade

17 July 2018 - 12:45pm

"Today’s concessions by Liam Fox fall well short of taking back control."

Read more

Join the conversation

"The antidote to the poison of the far right is to tackle inequality and injustice, and to reclaim our communities.… https://t.co/I7sx7bPfcN 8 hours 4 min ago
Our solidarity with Nohnle Mbuthuma of the Amadiba Crisis Committee, who faces serious threats to her life for tire… https://t.co/PcH0P9Nm8X 10 hours 47 min ago
We must end corporate impunity and ensure that workers’ rights are protected throughout the supply chains of these… https://t.co/azhNDGhuH6 13 hours 31 sec ago